Think about the expectations you have developed for how a family should function. For example: Expectations are generally shaped by how you are socialized by

Think about the expectations you have developed for how a family should function. For example: Expectations are generally shaped by how you are socialized by your family and culture. Consequently, people from other backgrounds may have very different expectations. We tend to view issues related to parenting and family systems in terms of “right” and “wrong,” yet there are few such hard and fast rules. What is “normal” or “acceptable” within a family varies naturally and is largely based on culture. Coming to that understanding is another step toward greater cultural sensitivity and critical thinking. In Week 4, you will explore similarities and differences in human development and socialization from a cross-cultural perspective. Watch for “Just in Time” links for the Learning Resources, Discussion, and/or Assignment this week. When you see a “Just in Time” link, hover to get ful tips or other guidance for completing your best coursework. Cultures have a wide variety of views on development. For instance, while adolescence is an important phase in Western cultures, many other cultures do not identify such a period in life. One is a child and then an adult. But as one Western example, in the United States, it is common to refer to children at various ages and stages as infants, toddlers, preschoolers, preteens (“tweens”), teenagers, and young adults. Would every culture understand these terms and agree with the definitions? Clearly, the answer is no. U.S. culture also has expectations regarding when a child is ready to have a job, mature enough to marry, or responsible enough to vote. These expectations also do not always carry over into other cultures. Over the course of history, many psychologies have attempted to describe various aspects of development as accurately as possible. However, much of the research came from Western scientists studying the growth of children in Western settings. Advocates claim that these theories are universal, while detractors claim they only describe Western development. This week you will have the opportunity to study theories developed by some of the most prominent researchers in the field of Psychology. Erik Erikson attempted to describe social development, Jean Piaget cognitive development, and Lawrence Kohlberg moral development.  You will have to consider the evidence and decide how applicable these theories are in cultures around the world. Just like last week, our goal is to generate conversation. Post one question to the discussion and respond to at least two questions (or responses) posed by your peers. your one question with background to the discussion board. Put your question in the subject line of your post and put your supporting text in the message area of the post. Discussion Tips: to at least two peers’ main questions (or their response). Colleague replies do not need to be supported by a reference.

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