Question 1: How do the surface temperatures of the countries in the northern latitudes (for example, Canada, Iceland, Norway, and Russia) compare to those of

Question 1: How do the surface temperatures of the countries in the northern latitudes (for example, Canada, Iceland, Norway, and Russia) compare to those of northern Africa (for example, Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, and Sudan)?Question 1 options: 1) The temperatures are higher in the northern latitudes during summer months when net radiation is higher. 2) The temperatures are lower in north Africa during the summer months when net radiation is higher in northern latitudes. 3) Temperatures are lower in northern latitudes year-round. 4) Temperatures are only lower in the northern latitudes during winter months. Question 2: Considering water freezes (or alternatively, melts) at 0°C, determine from the map which countries or landmasses have an annual mean temperature around 0°C.Question 2 options: 1) Canada and Norway 2) The United States and the United Kingdom 3) Greenland and Antarctica 4) Russia and Antarctica Question 3: The heat index on a warm day (86°F or 30°C) when the relative humidity is 50% is:Question 3 options: 1) 87F 2) 90F 3) 31C 4) 33F Question 4: Identify three negative impacts of heat islands.Question 4 options: 1) Increased energy consumption, elevated greenhouse gases, improved water quality 2) Compromised human health, lower energy consumption, lower water quality 3) Decreased greenhouse gases, higher energy consumption, compromised human health 4) Increased greenhouse gases, greater air pollution, increased energy consumption Question 5: What is the name of this US county? (You might have to zoom in to see place names.)Question 5 options: 1) Lasalle 2) Bureau 3) Putnam 4) Marshall Question 6: Is the temperature anomaly warmer or colder?Question 6 options: 1) The anomaly is warmer 2) The anomaly is colder 3) There is no anomaly, temperature is the same 4) Unable to discern Question 7: What is the name of the European city?Question 7 options: 1) Ludres 2) Frouard 3) Nancy 4) Toul Question 8: Is the temperature anomaly warmer or colder? Question 8 options: 1) The anomaly is generally warmer (warmer trend) 2) The anomaly is generally colder (colder trend) 3) No anomaly, temperature is the same 4) Unable to discern Question 9: What is the name of the capital city?Question 9 options: 1) Windhoek 2) Okahandja 3) Pretoria 4) Khomas Question 10: Is the temperature anomaly warmer or colder?Question 10 options: 1) The anomaly is warmer 2) The anomaly is colder 3) There is no anomaly, temperature is the same 4) Unable to discern Question 11: What is the temperature anomaly (in °C)? Question 11 options: 1) -12°C 2) -4°C 3) 4°C 4) 12°C Question 12: How does this anomaly compare to the one in January 2011?Question 12 options: 1) The anomaly is warmer 2) The anomaly is colder 3) There is no anomaly, temperature is the same 4) Unable to discern Question 13: Why does the temperature increase in the upper portion of the stratosphere?Question 13 options: 1) Because long wave radiation is heating the earth’s surface 2) Because ozone blocks ultra-violet radiation and releases heat 3) Because clouds are able to trap heat 4) Because heat is trapped in this portion of the atmosphere Question 14: Because temperature increases as altitude increases in the stratosphere, is the environmental lapse rate positive or negative?Question 14 options: 1) The lapse rate is positive 2) The lapse rate is negative 3) The lapse rate is zero 4) Unable to discern Question 15: Why are temperatures in the thermosphere so high?Question 15 options: 1) Because this layer is closest to the sun 2) Because of intense solar radiation 3) Because there are so few molecules 4) Because of the lack of pollutants Question 16: Would it feel hotter on a warm summer day in the thermosphere or the troposphere? (Hint: Think composition!)Question 16 options: 1) In the thermosphere because temperature reaches over 1000F 2) In the troposphere because temperature reaches over 1000F 3) In the thermosphere because of the intense solar radiation 4) In the troposphere because there are more air molecules to retain heat Question 17: The altitude in town N is 1000m and the air temperature is 22°C. What is the air temperature (in°C) at 3000m?Question 17 options: 1) 22°C – (3000m-1000m)*6.4/1000m = 9.2°C 2) 22°C + (3000m-1000m)*6.4/1000m = 34.8°C 3) 22°C – (3000m-1000m)*5.76/1000m = 10.5°C 4) 22°C – (3000m-1000m)*5.76/1000m = 33.5°C Question 18: The altitude in town P is 1000m and the air temperature is 18°C. What would be the temperature (in °C) of Town P if it were located instead at 500m?Question 18 options: 1) 18 + (1000m-500m) *6.4/1000m = 21.2°C 2) 18 – (1000m-500m) *6.4/1000m = 14.8°C 3) 18 + (1000m+500m) *6.4/1000m = 27.6°C 4) 18 – (1000m+500m) *6.4/1000m = 9.0°C Question 19: Estimate the average monthly daytime temperature in December for this location.Question 19 options: 1) 0°C 2) 5°C 3) 15°C 4) 25°C Question 20: Record the latitude for this location.Question 20 options: 1) 58N 2) 58S 3) 34N 4) 34S Question 21: Estimate the average monthly daytime temperature in December for this location.Question 21 options: 1) 0°C 2) 5°C 3) 10°C 4) 25°C Question 22: Record the latitude for this location.Question 22 options: 1) 33S 2) 33N 3) 84N 4) 84S : What global-scale factor(s) accounts for the temperature difference between Locations D and E? Check all that apply. Question 23 options: A.   Latitude B.   Axial tilt C.   Time of day D.   All of the above Question 24: Estimate the average monthly night time December temperature for location F.Question 24 options: 1) -20°C 2) 0°C 3) 5°C 4) 15°C Question 25: Estimate the average monthly night time December temperature for location G.Question 25 options: 1) -15°C 2) 0°C 3) 5°C 4) 10°C : Account for the temperature difference you recorded for Location F and G. Check all that apply. Question 26 options: A.   Latitude B.   Axial tilt C.   Time of day D.   All of the above Question 27: What global-scale factor(s) accounts for the temperature difference you recorded between Locations E and F?Question 27 options: 1) Latitude 2) Axial tilt 3) Time of day 4) All of the above Question 28: Estimate the mean monthly July temperature for Location H.Question 28 options: 1) 0°C 2) 5°C 3) 15°C 4) 25°C Question 29: Estimate the average monthly July temperature for Location I.Question 29 options: 1) 0°C 2) 5°C 3) 15°C 4) 25°C Question 30: What of these local-scale factors – continental versus maritime effect, altitude, or urban heat island effect – is most influencing the difference in temperature between Locations H and I?Question 30 options: 1) Maritime effect 2) Altitude 3) Urban heat island 4) None of the above Question 31: Estimate the average monthly July temperature for Location J.Question 31 options: 1) 0°C 2) 5°C 3) 15°C 4) 30°C Question 32: Estimate the average monthly July temperature for Location K. Question 32 options: 1) -5°C 2) 5°C 3) 15°C 4) 45°C Question 33: What of these local-scale factors – continental versus maritime effect, altitude, or urban heat island effect – is most influencing the difference in temperature between Locations J and K?Question 33 options: 1) Maritime effect 2) Altitude 3) Urban heat island 4) None of the above Question 34: Estimate the average monthly July temperature for Location L.Question 34 options: 1) 0°C 2) 5°C 3) 15°C 4) 20°C Question 35: Estimate the mean monthly July temperature for Location M. Question 35 options: 1) -30°C 2) 5°C 3) 15°C 4) 35°C Question 36: What of these local-scale factors – continental versus maritime effect, altitude, or urban heat island effect – is most influencing the difference in temperature between Locations L and M?Question 36 options: 1) Maritime effect 2) Altitude 3) Urban heat island 4) None of the above Question 37: What of these local-scale factors – continental versus maritime effect, altitude, or urban heat island effect – would most likely show same trend in average monthly temperature in January as in July? (Hint: Figures 1-3) Question 37 options: 1) Maritime effect 2) Altitude 3) Urban heat island 4) None of the above Question 38: What of these local-scale factors – continental vs maritime effect, altitude, or urban heat island effect – would likely show an opposite trend in average monthly temperature in January as in July? (Hint: Fig. 1-3) Question 38 options: 1) Maritime effect 2) 0Altitude 3) Urban heat island 4)

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