A (also ) is a document that describes the process, progress, or results of technical or or the state of a technical or scientific research

A (also ) is a document that describes the process, progress, or results of technical or or the state of a technical or scientific research problem. It might also include recommendations and conclusions of the research. Unlike other , such as scientific journals and the proceedings of some academic conferences, technical reports rarely undergo comprehensive independent before publication. They may be considered as . Where there is a review process, it is often limited to within the originating organization. Similarly, there are no formal publishing procedures for such reports, except where established locally. Technical reports are today a major source of scientific and technical information. They are prepared for internal or wider distribution by many organizations, most of which lack the extensive editing and printing facilities of commercial publishers. Technical reports are often prepared for sponsors of research projects. Another case where a technical report may be produced is when more information is produced for an academic paper than is acceptable or feasible to publish in a peer-reviewed publication; examples of this include in-depth experimental details, additional results, or the architecture of a computer model. Researchers may also publish work in early form as a technical report to establish novelty, without having to wait for the often long production schedules of academic journals. Technical reports are considered “non-archival” publications, and so are free to be published elsewhere in peer-reviewed venues with or without modification. Google Scholar is a freely accessible that indexes the full text or metadata of across an array of publishing formats and disciplines. Released in in November 2004, the Google Scholar index includes most online and books, conference papers, and , , , , and other scholarly literature, including and . While does not publish the size of Google Scholar’s database, scientometric researchers estimated it to contain roughly 389 million documents including articles, citations and patents making it the world’s largest academic search engine in January 2018. Previously, the size was estimated at 160 million documents as of May 2014. An earlier statistical estimate published in using a method estimated approximately 80–90% coverage of all articles published in English with an estimate of 100 million. This estimate also determined how many documents were freely available on the web. How to Write a Paper in a Weekend (By Prof. Pete Carr) Power Point

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