1. Question : If a deductive argument is valid, and its premises are true, Student Answer: its conclusion must be false. its conclusion must be

1.  Question :  If a deductive argument is valid, and its premises are true, Student Answer: its conclusion must be false. its conclusion must be true. its conclusion is probable. its conclusion is unlikely. 2.  Question :  An ethical egoist argues that you should do something if Student Answer: it makes everyone better off. it makes you better off. it conforms to God’s laws. it is illegal. 3.  Question :  Utilitarians evaluate the morality of an act by examining the Student Answer: consequences of the act. the person carrying out the act. the feelings of the person carrying out the act. the amount of pain generated by the act. 1.  Question :  The philosopher most closely identified with virtue ethics is Student Answer: Immanuel Kant. Socrates. Spinoza. Aristotle. 2.  Question :  Different ethical theories Student Answer: can never offer useful information. must always contradict each other. can agree that certain acts are morally justified. always agree that certain acts are morally justified. 3.  Question :  A relativist might say the following about gay marriage: Student Answer: It could be permitted in some societies. It cannot be permitted in any society. It must be permitted in every society. Marriage is defined as involving both a man and a woman. 1.  Question :  Logic will examine which of the following arguments? Reductive Seductive Abductive Inductive 2.  Question :  One studies ethics because it provides insight into moral problems. it solves all moral problems. it causes migraine headaches. it makes one more popular. 3.  Question :  Two traditional approaches to utilitarianism are fundamental and secondary utilitarianism. act and rule utilitarianism. direct and indirect utilitarianism. first-order and second-order utilitarianism. 1.  Question :  A moral rule is regarded as justified by the deontologist if it can be universalized. it can be criticized. it produces the best result. it makes a person feel good. 2.  Question :  A relativist might say the following about gay marriage: It could be permitted in some societies. It cannot be permitted in any society. It must be permitted in every society. Marriage is defined as involving both a man and a woman. 3.  Question :  If a deductive argument is valid, and its premises are true, its conclusion must be false. its conclusion must be true. its conclusion is probable. its conclusion is unlikely. 1.  Question :  The following are examples of what an employer might ask of an employee Student Answer: submit to random drug testing. allow phone calls to be monitored. allow access to the employee’s computer. All of these reasons 2.  Question :  A government in power may argue that rights can be violated if Student Answer: it is necessary to stay in power. it is necessary to win the next election. it is necessary to do research on the opposition. it is necessary to maintain national security. 3.  Question :  Benjamin Franklin said that those who would give up their rights in order to be secure Student Answer: deserve neither rights nor security. don’t have any rights. should not run for election. should not be allowed to vote.

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